Study of power plant, carbon capture and transport network through dynamic modelling and simulation

Oko, Eni

Engineering
January 2015

Thesis or dissertation


Rights
© 2015 Eni Oko. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written permission of the copyright holder.
Abstract

The unfavourable role of CO₂ in stimulating climate change has generated concerns as CO₂ levels in the atmosphere continue to increase. As a result, it has been recommended that coal-fired power plants which are major CO₂ emitters should be operated with a carbon capture and storage (CCS) system to reduce CO₂ emission levels from the plant. Studies on CCS chain have been limited except a few high profile projects. Majority of previous studies focused on individual components of the CCS chain which are insufficient to understand how the components of the CCS chain interact dynamically during operation. In this thesis, model-based study of the CCS chain including coal-fired subcritical power plant, post-combustion CO₂ capture (PCC) and pipeline transport components is presented. The component models of the CCS chain are dynamic and were derived from first principles. A separate model involving only the drum-boiler of a typical coal-fired subcritical power plant was also developed using neural networks.

The power plant model was validated at steady state conditions for different load levels (70-100%). Analysis with the power plant model show that load change by ramping cause less disturbance than step changes. Rate-based PCC model obtained from Lawal et al. (2010) was used in this thesis. The PCC model was subsequently simplified to reduce the CPU time requirement. The CPU time was reduced by about 60% after simplification and the predictions compared to the detailed model had less than 5% relative difference. The results show that the numerous non-linear algebraic equations and external property calls in the detailed model are the reason for the high CPU time requirement of the detailed PCC model. The pipeline model is distributed and includes elevation profile and heat transfer with the environment. The pipeline model was used to assess the planned Yorkshire and Humber CO₂ pipeline network.

Analysis with the CCS chain model indicates that actual changes in CO₂ flowrate entering the pipeline transport system in response to small load changes (about 10%) is very small (<5%). It is therefore concluded that small changes in load will have minimal impact on the transport component of the CCS chain when the capture plant is PCC.

Publisher
Department of Engineering, The University of Hull
Supervisor
Wang, Meihong; Patton, Ron, 1949-
Sponsor (Organisation)
Natural Environment Research Council (Great Britain); Seventh Framework Programme (European Commission)
Grant number
Natural Environment Research Council (NERC Reference: NE/H013865/1 & NE/H013865/2) ; EU Marie Curie (FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IRSES)
Qualification level
Doctoral
Qualification name
PhD
Language
English
Extent
5 MB
Identifier
hull:11315
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