Environmental consequences of large infrastructures : role of integrated estuarine planning

Quilliam, Nathan

Biological sciences
September 2015

Thesis or dissertation

© 2015 Nathan Quilliam. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written permission of the copyright holder.

For large infrastructure projects there is a need to demonstrate how a holistic approach to environmental management could be achieved by combining Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA), which are a widespread environmental management tool, to an ISO-standard risk assessment and risk management method (Bow Tie analysis). This study addresses the environmental consequences that may occur with the proposed addition of a large cruise terminal to the Humber Estuary, as well as the increased challenges brought to the local government. The possible environmental and socioeconomic consequences were derived from existing research to current port developments and were then inputted into an ‘EIA Calculator’ to provide data on the significance of the effects. Following this, a Bow Tie analysis was conducted to identify how possible prevention, mitigation and compensation measures can be used to avoid, minimise or restore such effects. Finally, a post EIA was produced to determine how effective the management measures were. It was found that the measures highlighted within the Bow Tie analysis significantly reduced the environmental consequences incurred during the proposed cruise terminals lifespan. Bow Tie analysis not only allowed the investigation of the potential environmental consequences of the cruise terminal, but also the economic and social challenges brought to the existing governance. The results showed that with effective strategic management practices in place, Hull City Council would be able to maintain the possible challenges presented with the project. It is concluded that when Bow Tie analysis is combined with other approaches, it can be an effective ecological tool, forming a holistic approach to environmental management.

Department of Biological Sciences, The University of Hull
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