Fabrication of novel functional anisotropic micro-particles for foam stabilisation and structuring in food formulations

Campbell, Andrew Lee

Physical sciences; Chemistry
June 2009

Thesis or dissertation


Rights
© 2009 Andrew Lee Campbell. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written permission of the copyright holder.
Abstract

This thesis is concerned with the fabrication of novel food-grade anisotropic solid particles for foam stabilisation and applications in food formulations. Two main techniques were employed for the fabrication of these particles. Acidic hydrolysis of Nata de Coco bacterial cellulose was used to form cellulose nano-rods which were applied as a foam scaffolding material. Characterisation and modification of Nata de Coco nano-rods was also carried out. It was found that cellulose nano-rods modified with a surface layer of ethyl cellulose exhibited good foamability.Secondly, a combination of in-shear-flow dispersion and solvent attrition techniques were employed to form micro-rods from the edible polymeric materials shellac, ethyl cellulose and zein. Characterisation of the properties of shellac, ethyl cellulose and zein micro-rods was carried out, together with assessments of their foam stabilisation ability. Stable aqueous foams were produced using shellac, ethyl cellulose and zein micro-rods as stabilisers, and ethyl cellulose micro-rods were also used to form water-in-oil emulsions.An extension of this technique was used in the fabrication of novel functional anisotropic food-grade micro-rods with micro-particle inclusions giving altered morphology. Enhanced foamability and drainage retardation was achieved using lumpy yeast-shellac micro-rods to stabilise aqueous foams. The method was extended to the production of aqueous dispersions of ballooned micro-rods, formed by two different protocols.This procedure also allowed the formation of novel, dual-function micro-rod capsules or ‘micro-ampules’ for stabilisation and encapsulation by inclusion of oils into the dispersed phase prior to micro-rod fabrication. The oils became trapped within the micro-rods resulting in micro-ampules with a range of morphologies which were characterised by fluorescence doping and microscopy.

Publisher
Department of Physical Sciences, The University of Hull
Supervisor
Paunov, Vesselin N.
Qualification level
Doctoral
Qualification name
PhD
Language
English
Extent
Filesize: NaNKB
Identifier
hull:2488
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