Motivations, migration and experiences of black African nurses in the United Kingdom

Likupe, Gloria

May 2011

Thesis or dissertation

© 2011 Gloria Likupe. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written permission of the copyright holder.

This thesis explores experiences of black African nurses from sub-Saharan Africa in the UK. The exploration starts with motivational factors which cause black African nurses to migrate, as it is argued that migration trajectories have an influence on nurses’ experiences. Managers’ experiences are also explored to obtain their perspectives.A qualitative approach was used as a methodological framework. Focus groups and individual, semi-structured interviews were used to explore experiences of black African nurses working and living in the UK.  Semi-structured interviews were used to collect data from managers working with black African nurses. The data were analysed using Spencer, Ritchie and O’Connor’s framework. In total 30 black African nurses were interviewed, comprising 4 focus groups and 15 individual interviews. The number of managers interviewed was 10.The results indicate that black African nurses move to the UK as a result of historical, political and economic factors. However, the main factors are immigration policies and practices of the British government. Migration trajectories of black African nurses indicate that black African nurses are recruited to a subordinate position in the British National Health service; as a result, nurses are stereotyped and experience prejudice, racism anddiscrimination. Managers’ accounts largely echo black African nurses’ experiences.

Department of Nursing and Midwifery, The University of Hull
Walker, Liz; Draper, Peter, 1957-
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