Tolerance and toleration: the experience of the Quakers in East Yorkshire c.1660-1699

Shaw, Gareth, Ph.D.

June 2006

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© 2006 PhD Gareth Shaw. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written permission of the copyright holder.

[From the introduction]:
This thesis examines the practice of tolerance and intolerance that surrounded the development of Quakerism in the East Riding of Yorkshire in the mid seventeenth century. It is important to offer a distinction between the terms tolerance and toleration, which are used in the title of the work. Tolerance refers to the informal and unofficial actions of the local community in their daily relationships with their Quaker neighbours. In practical terms, these could be as insignificant as simply talking to them, trading with them, or not physically attacking them because of their religious beliefs. Toleration refers to the formal, and official, ideas and practice of religious toleration that was sanctioned by the local authorities and central government. Of course, the two are not as easily separable as these definitions suggest. Tolerance and toleration co-existed alongside each other, each impacting upon the other to various degrees throughout the second half of the seventeenth century.

The study is an examination of the tolerance and toleration of the Quaker community in the East Riding. It investigates the extent to which despite, or perhaps because of, increasing uncertainty about official attitudes to religious toleration, Quakerism was able to take root and develop in the region within what was, effectively, a climate of religious tolerance.

Department of History, The University of Hull
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